The proportionality constant $\alpha$ (referenced in Equation 45 and Equation 42) represents the sensitivity of the controlled voltage to tap changes at the regulating transformer. It commonly assumed that $\alpha$ is one (the controlled voltage is perfectly sensitive to tap changes). An alternate assumption is that

$\alpha=\mathrm{M}_{k}^{T}{\left(\mathrm{B^{\prime\prime}}\right)}^{-1}\mathrm{N}$ | (46) |

where

$\mathrm{M}_{k}^{T}$ is a row vector with 1 in the k^{th} position.

N is a column vector with -b_{ps}t in position p
and b_{ps}t in position s.

Carrying out these matrix operations yields

$\alpha=-b_{ps}t{b}_{kp}^{{\prime\prime}{\thinspace-1}}+b_{ps}t{b}_{ks}^{{% \prime\prime}{\thinspace-1}}$ | (47) |

where

b_{ij} is an element from the nodal susceptance matrix B_{bus}.

$b_{ij}^{{\prime\prime}{\thinspace-1}}$ is an element from the inverse of ${B^{\prime\prime}}$ as defined by Stott and Alsac (2).

t is magnitude of the transformer’s tap ratio.

Chan and Brandwajn (1) suggest that sensitivities computed from Equation 47 are useful for coordinating adjustments to a bus that is controlled by several transformers.